0:00 - Discusses Watsonville; and graduate

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Partial Transcript: (Interview starts in 21 seconds) In high school, Robert's father and brother passed away. The family (Robert's mother, oldest brother, sister, and Robert) moves to Watsonville, CA, and harvest strawberries. Robert graduates high school in 1938 and continues farming. In 1941, Robert is drafted into the Army.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: draft; family; farming; high school; Issei; Issei parents; Japanese Americans; Nisei

Subjects:

3:08 - Recalls social activities

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Partial Transcript: In Watsonville, Robert recalls being rebellious one time and going to a pool hall with his friend. He says coming from a religious family, places like pool halls are not acceptable. The Nisei form an organization that coordinates social events such as dancing and parties. The social events are mainly at a gym. Robert says Asians are not allowed to use venues like ballrooms. The biggest dance of the year is on the Fourth of July. Robert's older brothers are more social than he is.



Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: discrimination; farming; friendship; Japanese Americans; Nisei; siblings

Subjects:

6:28 - Discusses dating; and movie I

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Partial Transcript: Robert discusses dating and socializing with girls. He says a local guy he knows is a ladies' man. After high school, Robert would occasionally go to watch movies. At this time, movies are 25 cents. He recalls the newsreels of the war overseas. However, the newsreels did not so much. After the war in 1945, Robert returns to farming.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: European Theater; farming; Japanese Americans; Nisei; Nisei veterans; post-war

Subjects:

9:47 - Discusses movies II

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Partial Transcript: Robert does not recall any news about Asia in the newsreel shown at the movies. He is more interested in cartoons. Once every four months, Benshi Japanese movies are shown in town. Robert says it is a big event for the Japanese American Community.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Issei; Japanese Americans; Nisei; social activities

Subjects:

12:13 - Recalls draft I

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Partial Transcript: After Robert discovers he has dual citizenship for Japan and the United States, he ends his citizenship with Japan. On November 11, 1941, Robert receives his draft notice. He packs his bags and goes on a bus to San Francisco, CA. Robert says his friends are drafted before him. His friends are at Camp Roberts in the Infantry. However, when the war happens with Japan, Robert's friends have their rifles taken away and are shipped inland. Their position in the Infantry is now non-combative portions.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: discrimination; farm; Japanese American soldiers; Japanese Americans; Nisei; race discrimination; racism; World War Two

Subjects:

15:44 - Recalls draft II

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Partial Transcript: Robert recalls his friend goes to a camp in Kansas. The Japanese American Nisei are housed in a barrack. When Robert's friends wake up, there is a machine gun pointed in his face. When Robert is drafted, he does not know his location. However, he gets to decide what position he wants. Robert picks the Air Force to be an airplane mechanic. Robert discovers he needs to serve in the Army before going to the Air Force mechanic school. At this time, the war has not started, and Robert is uncertain how long his term will be in the Army. Robert is sworn in for three years and reports to Mississippi.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: barracks; Japanese American soldiers; Japanese Americans; Nisei soldiers

Subjects:

19:00 - Discusses Keesler

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Partial Transcript: Robert reports to the draft board in Watsonville after receiving his draft notice. Before leaving, Robert shares moments with his mother. Robert goes to Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi. At Keesler, Robert is in mechanic school, with no basic training. On December 7, Robert learns the United States is at war with Japan.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Issei; Issei parents; Japanese American soldiers; Japanese Americans; Nisei; Nisei soldiers; World War Two

Subjects:

23:41 - Discusses Dec 8; and assignment I

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Partial Transcript: The following day of the Pearl Harbor attack, Robert says everyone treated him the same. He did not experience any discrimination or mistreatment. The airplane mechanic school is six months long. After completing his schooling, Robert is waiting for his next assignment. Robert recalls having a weekend off, and he goes to New Orleans with his friends. When Robert returns to base, he receives his assignment to go to Moody Air Force Base in Georgia. Robert and three other mechanics are assigned to a twin-engine Cessna.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Japanese American soldiers; Japanese Americans; Nisei; Nisei soldiers; World War Two

Subjects:

27:10 - Discusses assignment II

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Partial Transcript: Robert says all the airplanes are flying 24 hours a day. Robert is feeling good about his position as a mechanic because he is well trained. He describes his duties before and after when the plane is flying. Soon after Robert leaves for service, his mother and family are placed in camp due to Executive Order 9066 (EO9066). Robert learns about his mother's experience four years later after his service in Korea. In 1943, Robert received correspondence from his sister. His family thinks Robert is AWOL.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: "evacuation"; correspondence; discrimination; Executive Order 9066; interment camp; Issei; Issei parents; Japanese American soldiers; Japanese Americans; Nisei; siblings; World War Two

Subjects:

30:21 - Recalls National Guard

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Partial Transcript: In Salinas, there is a famous National Guard. Many of Robert's classmates are in that unit. The Unit is an Anti-tank Unit. Robert recalls attending this class reunion a few times and learns about some of his friends killed in action. Robert is not too familiar with the National Guard in Salinas other than they are assigned to the Philippines.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Japanese Americans; Killed in Action; Nisei; Nisei soldiers; Nisei veterans

Subjects:

33:22 - Discusses Camp Blanding

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Partial Transcript: Robert is working as an airplane mechanic short term before he is transferred Camp Blanding Hospital. When the war started, the Japanese American Nisei are transferred out of sensitive service areas. Robert is at Camp Blanding Hospital for a year working in the x-ray unit.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Japanese Americans; Nisei; World War Two

Subjects:

36:31 - Discusses x-ray; and Camp Shelby I

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Partial Transcript: At Camp Blanding, Robert sees six other Nisei working at the hospital. No one no knows how long they will be at Camp Blanding. Robert does not ask for a transfer because this is a job he enlisted in. Robert says the x-ray is very interesting. The head of the x-ray unit asks Robert if he would like to go to x-ray school, and Robert accepts. Robert goes to Atlanta, Georgia for schooling. After completing the x-ray courses, he gets a one-way ticket to Camp Shelby.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Camp Blanding; Camp Shelby; education; Japanese Americans; Nisei; World War Two

Subjects:

40:28 - Discusses Camp Shelby II

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Partial Transcript: Robert reports to Camp Shelby, and headquarters tells him there are no duties for him. Robert waits for several weeks for his assignments. Eventually, Robert is placed on the 442nd roster but receives notice of transfer. Robert recalls graduating from x-ray school after three or four months.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: 442nd; Japanese Americans; Nisei; World War Two

Subjects:

41:54 - Recalls AWOL

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Partial Transcript: Robert learns about the 442nd when he meets Eiji Hama, a friend from Watsonville, at Camp Shelby. Hama says everyone at home is worried about him because his name is in the local newspaper as AWOL. Robert's younger sister calls the Red Cross looking for Robert.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: correspondence; family; Japanese Americans; Nisei; Poston; siblings

Subjects:

43:52 - Recalls 442nd; and Camp Savage I

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Partial Transcript: Robert is at Camp Shelby for four weeks. He reunites with his friends from home. After four weeks, Robert receives new orders to report to the Headquarters Company part of the 442nd. He gets a one-way ticket to Camp Savage.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: 442nd; Camp Shelby; friendship; Japanese Americans; Nisei; World War Two

Subjects:

46:45 - Recalls Camp Savage II; and Rohwer I

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Partial Transcript: When Robert arrives at Camp Savage, the weather is cold. Robert learns the artillery unit is developing, and they need an observation pilot. Robert goes to speak to the Sergeant about the position. However, the Sergeant says Robert is overqualified. Robert recalls the Nisei and the Hawaiian soldiers have some differences at Camp Shelby. The turning point of their relationship happens when the Hawaiian soldiers visit Rohwer in Arkansas. At Rohwer, there are guard towers with guards pointing rifles inside the camp, barracks, and barb wire fences.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: barracks; discrimination; Executive Order 9066; family; Hawaiian soldiers; interment camp; Issei; Japanese Americans; Mainland soldiers; Military Intelligence Service; Nisei; World War Two

Subjects:

49:54 - Recalls Rohwer II

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Partial Transcript: At Rohwer, the Nisei and Issei have a party for the Hawaiian soldiers with homemade sushi. On the bus ride back to Camp Shelby, no talk because of what they witness in camp. The visit to Rohwer bonded a closer relationship between the Mainland soldiers and Hawaiian soldiers.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: "evacuation"; 442nd; discrimination; Executive Order 9066; friendship; Hawaiian soldiers; Issei; Japanese American soldiers; Mainland soldiers; Nisei; World War Two

Subjects:

52:51 - Discusses Savage; and Blanding

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Partial Transcript: Robert describes his experience when he arrives at Camp Savage. Robert says the buildings look poorly made. Inside the building is a potbelly heater. There are approximately 200 Nisei soldiers at Camp Savage. Class sessions are all day, and the lights out are at ten o'clock. Some soldiers who wanted to study past ten o'clock would study in the restroom. Robert is at Camp Savage for six months in the second class before returning to Camp Blanding for basic training. Robert does basic Infantry training for six weeks.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: basic training; Camp Blanding; Camp Savage; Japanese Americans; living conditions; marching; Nisei; Nisei soldiers; World War Two

Subjects:

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