0:00 - Recalls flight training and transfers I

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Partial Transcript: Brief discussion classmate Bobby Moore in the Olympics. (at 1.07 interview starts) In the summer of 1941, Willie signs up for flight training. He passes the physical examination. At this time the war broke out and there is a lot of promotions. Willie is transferred out to Oklahoma by Colonel Harmon. He stays in Oklahoma until March 1942. Then transfers to the Medic Unit in Texas and stays until 1944. Willie is a Book Sergeant then reduces to a Technician 4th Grade.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Army Air Corps; basic training; Japanese Americans; Nisei; Nisei soldiers

Subjects:

3:11 - Recalls flight training and transfers II

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Partial Transcript: Recalls privates being promoted. Willie and some other Japanese Americans soldiers are not happy with the situation and want to be transferred. The only place that they can be transferred to is the 442nd. At this time Battle of the Bulge starts, Army wants to transfer Willie to infantry but could not. Eventually, the transfer is approved, and joins 171st Infantry Separate. The whole experience since being denied flight training and unable to be promoted to the Medic left Willie an indifferent feeling. However, when Willie reflects on the situation, the series of unfortunate events probably saved his life.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: 171st; 442nd; basic training; Japanese American soldiers; Nisei

Subjects:

6:38 - Recalls Pearl Harbor and the effects I

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Partial Transcript: On December 7, 1941, Willie was at Ellington Air force Base playing volleyball. He was not aware of the relations between Japan and Europe. He was only aware of his surroundings.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Americans of Japanese Ancestry; Japanese American soldiers; World War Two

Subjects:

9:23 - Recalls Pearl Harbor and the effects II

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Partial Transcript: Discusses treatment with upper management. When Willie is transferred to Medics, he requests a leave to see parents but it takes longer to approve. At home, Willie's family owns a radio with short wave capabilities. When the war starts, their short wave is disabled. He also hears what other Japanese families experiencing their guns and knives (specific length) being confiscated.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Americans of Japanese Ancestry; racism; World War Two

Subjects:

12:53 - Discusses Medic Corp and Nisei

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Partial Transcript: Willie's duties at the Medic Corp is interview patients and document their histories. Doctors try to get him promoted but is unable to due to prejudices. Willie saw the only option is to transfer. He recalls there are no difference between Nisei and Kibei, they are all G.I.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Kibei; medical profession; Nisei; Nisei soldiers; prejudices; racism

Subjects:

15:42 - Recalls his Unit and evacuation

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Partial Transcript: Willie recalls soldiers in his unit comes from different areas such as Kentucky and West Virginia. When the war happened, Japanese American families are incarcerated in camps. The Japanese way is not to dwell on the past, need to move forward. Make the best of life. Some Japanese American soldiers in the unit were drafted before the war. Willie's brother is in the Army Air Corps before the war. When the war started Willie's brother is shipped to Camp McCoy working and is with the 442nd.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: "evacuation"; 442nd; Camp McCoy; family; incarceration; Japanese American soldiers; Japanese identity and values; Nisei; Nisei soldiers; World War Two

Subjects:

18:54 - Recalls 100th and Fort Meade

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Partial Transcript: Discusses the 100th Battalion and Hawaiian born guys. He remembers the 100th calling the mainland guys " Buddha head" and "katonks". At the beginning of 1945 the war was winding down and Willie's unit is disbanded. March 17th landed at Fort Meade Maryland to be shipped overseas.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: "Buddha heads"; "katonk"; Hawaiian soldiers; Japanese American soldiers; Mainland soldiers

Subjects:

21:25 - Recalls brothers

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Partial Transcript: Willie remembers the 100th was more publicizes after the war. Willie has two brothers Goro and Saburo that are in the 442nd. Saburo is a replacement. Replacements fill in for those who are wounded or killed in the front lines. Unfortunately, Saburo is killed serving in E Company, 2nd Battalion. Goro works in the motor crew. Recalls Congressional Medal of Honor recipients.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate); 442nd; company; front line; Killed in Action; World War Two

Subjects:

24:11 - Recalls Personnel Department

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Partial Transcript: Willie works in personnel department handling paperwork for replacements. He recalls living in Mississippi and Earl Finch.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Americans of Japanese Ancestry; Japanese Americans; Nisei; World War Two

Subjects:

27:09 - Recalls segregation and brother's death

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Partial Transcript: Willie recalls living in Texas and segregation. As a young boy, he sees separate water fountains and rules for riding the bus. As he got older, that is when Willie starts to question things. In 1947 Willie visits his brother's grave in France. In 1948, his brother's remains along with another Nisei are the first two Japanese American soldiers to be buried with full honors in Arlington.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: 442nd; Japanese American soldiers; Killed in Action; Nisei soldiers; prejudices; racism; World War Two

Subjects:

29:36 - Recalls Post-War

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Partial Transcript: After the war, Willie stays with the military. His decision is based on the way he is treated as an equal by his colleagues. Although there are some racist individuals, there are more people who see past his ethnicity.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Americans of Japanese Ancestry; Nisei; prejudices

Subjects:

31:53 - Discusses racism and family

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Partial Transcript: Willie discusses the treatment of Japanese Americans. When Saburo is killed in action, Willie did not go to the service with his parents because he is at Camp Shelby. Willie corresponds mainly with parents not with his brothers to receive family news. Willie is not a fan of writing. Willie recalls his younger brother Walter also serves in the military and is stationed in Germany.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: 171st; Americans of Japanese Ancestry; Camp Shelby; correspondence; family; Issei parents; Killed in Action; Nisei soldiers; siblings

Subjects:

35:20 - Recalls Walter and Germany

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Partial Transcript: Willie's younger brother Walter joins Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) at Texas A&M and then goes to Germany. Post-war, Willie stays in Germany until 1953 working as a supplier. Towards the end of 1945, Willie helps set up one of the first ice cream parlors to keep the troops entertained. After six months, Willie is sent to Munich, Germany, and send about six years there.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Americans of Japanese Ancestry; Nisei; post-war; siblings

Subjects:

37:53 - Recalls Trials in Germany I

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Partial Transcript: Willie discusses Hermann Goring and Rudolf Hess's trial. Some cities in Germany are damage to the effects of war.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: German soldiers; Germany; Nisei; post-war; World War Two

Subjects:

40:19 - Recalls Trials in Germany II

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Partial Transcript: Recalls traveling conditions with 40 men on a train. Troops are provided K rations for eating but Willie throughout the food to the people in Germany. When he first arrives in Germany, troops are not allowed to speak to German citizens. He did not come across any Nazis.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Japanese Americans; Nisei; post-war; World War Two

Subjects:

42:56 - Recalls Death Camps

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Partial Transcript: Willie visits downtown Germany. He encounters a little give and gave her a banana. She did not know what it is. This shows there is a shortage of food, fruits are scarce. In the late 1940s, Willie goes to Dachu and he mentions there is a smell of decaying flesh. Locals are unaware of the death camps.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Dachau; Germany; Nisei; prejudices

Subjects:

46:02 - Discusses rebuilding Germany I

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Partial Transcript: Willie is located in Germany from 1945 to 1953 during the rebuilding time. After 1948 Germany's economy picked back up. He also recalls the black market. Cigarettes are a hot item.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Nisei; post-war

Subjects:

49:10 - Discusses rebuilding Germany II

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Partial Transcript: When Willie first arrived in Germany, alcohol is rationed along with cigarettes. Alcohol is given out once a month. However, Willie does not drink and gave him away. A carton of cigarettes is 50 cents and can be sold on the black market. Willie recalls Germany gang called Werewolves. The Werewolves would set up traps in the forest which lead to the modification of the military jeeps for safety.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Nisei; Nisei soldiers; post-war; World War Two

Subjects:

52:05 - Recalls buying a car

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Partial Transcript: Post-war Willie purchases a Pontiac. One of the benefits of war is, post-war car dealerships offered additional options to add to the vehicle. Willie recalls an incident when driving. He is lucky to have the additional part to his car because it protected him from danger.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Nisei; post-war; World War Two

Subjects:

54:56 - Recalls Munich

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Partial Transcript: Willie marries a German woman and has been married for 53 years. When Willie is in Munich in 1946, he works in a supply depot. One is called Indiana Supply Depot (food) and the other is called Alabama Supply Deport (clothing). When troop dependents came over to German. BMW factory stores furniture for dependents. BMW builds little cars at that time but when the economy got better, they asked for their factory back.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Germany; Japanese American soldiers; Nisei; Nisei soldiers; post-war

Subjects:

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