0:00 - Discusses homecoming; and dating

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Partial Transcript: The government paid expenses for Hershey to do anything for a week. He had a car and a lieutenant to guide him around. Hershey spent a lot of time sightseeing. After a week, Hershey returned to Gallup. He describes his state of mind and feelings coming back from the war. Hershey met Terry Tsuchimori when he was on furlough at Camp Shelby. Terry's family relocated to Gallup, and Terry became friends with Hershey's sister. During wartime, Hershey met someone and wanted to marry her. However, Hershey needed his father's permission to do so.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Italy; Japanese American soldiers; Nisei; Nisei soldiers; siblings; wedding; World War Two

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3:58 - Discusses school; and married

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Partial Transcript: Hershey went to school on the East Coast for engineering. During that time, refrigeration was a new profession and trade. At Christmas break, Hershey returned home. His cousin opened a business, and Hershey decided to work for his cousin for a few months. Hershey and Terry started dating and discussed marriage. When Gallup fell into an economic depression, Hershey's paychecks got smaller. In June 1949, he decided to reenlist for three years. The following year the Korean War happened, and Hershey went to duty in August 1950.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: correspondence; dating; employment; higher education; Japanese Americans; Nisei veterans; post-war

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6:16 - Discusses South Korea

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Partial Transcript: Hershey explains the Korean War started when North Korean Communist Party invaded South Korea on June 20, 1950. North Korea's troops overran the United States Army because they were not prepared for war. Furthermore, the South Korean Army was very small. Army units were deployed from all over the world to help while other soldiers were getting trained. America's role in South Korea was to get a democratic government established and to create law and order. The United States viewed South Korea as a vital ally.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: basic training; Japanese American soldiers; Nisei soldiers; rifle

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9:18 - Discusses Korean War

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Partial Transcript: North Korea became a Communist country because Kim II-Sung was a Communist. Many of the scholars in North Korea knew North Korea would become a Communist Party. Therefore, they went to South Korea. Some families also tried to go to South Korea, but could not. After World War Two, the United States was looking forward to rebuilding their lives and was not looking forward to another war. There was no support for the Korean War. Being in service, Hershey felt it was his duty to serve his country.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Japanese American soldiers; Nisei soldiers; post-war; World War Two

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11:49 - Recalls training; and Japan

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Partial Transcript: Hershey went through a nine-week refresher training session at Fort Hood, Texas. He did a lot of marching every day to prepare for the terrain in North Korea. The landscape in North Korea is mountainous. After training, Hershey boarded a troop train and passed through Gallup. He got permission to go home and see Terry for ten minutes before continuing their trip. They arrived at Camp Stoneman and flew to Japan. At Camp Drake in Tokyo, Japan, Hershey was taken by train to the southern island of Kyushu. He joined Company H, 2nd Battalion, 7th Regiment, 3rd Division.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: family; Japanese American soldiers; marching; Nisei soldiers

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14:08 - Recalls soldiers; and North Korea

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Partial Transcript: In Kyushu, Hershey joined Company H, 2nd Battalion, 7th Regiment, 3rd Division. Many soldiers were seventeen years old, and Hershey was 24 years old. Then draftees from South Korea joined them, and they needed training. Later they traveled to central and eastern parts of North Korea in the winter. When they landed, there was snow on the ground and light artillery fire from the North Koreans. The countryside was not modernized, unlike Seoul. Hershey recalls his first engagement with the locals and their living conditions.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: artillery; artillery fire; Japanese American soldiers; living conditions; Nisei soldiers

Subjects:

17:51 - Recalls food

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Partial Transcript: Food in North Korea was limited, and rice was a luxury. The locals mostly ate millet and barely, and there were not a lot of vegetables. The locals were starving, and the American soldiers did not get the best food either. The terrain prevented the American soldiers from getting their supplies. Hershey lived off C rations for three to four months. At R and R you could get hot food. The weather was cold and snowy. Hershey recalls the locals did not have proper clothing for the season. In 1950, the winter was the coldest, and it affected the weapons and the vehicles.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Japanese American soldiers; living conditions; Nisei soldiers

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20:53 - Recalls Hungnam; and rank

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Partial Transcript: In North Korea, there were mainly women, children, and elderly men. Hershey recalls there was always a line of them leaving towards Hungnam. All the American ships were at Hungnam. In Korea, Hershey was a Squad Leader and then promoted to Corporal and then Sergeant. Hershey was not aware of his promotion because he was not at headquarters. As a machine gunner, Hershey was attached to different rifle companies. When Hershey was promoted, he had 12 men and four riflemen under him. Hershey recalls losing men because they wanted to go home or were transferred to other units.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Japanese American soldiers; Japanese Americans; machine gunner; Nisei soldiers

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24:06 - Discusses Nisei soldiers

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Partial Transcript: In the Korean War, Hershey was not in a segregated unit. In World War Two, Hershey remembers a Nisei soldier from Texas who was in a foxhole with George Sakato. The Nisei from Texas was killed in action by a sniper. In Korea, Hershey's men under him were White soldiers. Besides Hershey being Japanese American, he recalls another Japanese American Officer assigned briefly as an Executive Officer to Hershey's company before being transferred.

Segment Synopsis:

Keywords: Camp Blanding; foxhole; Japanese American soldiers; Killed in Action; World War Two

Subjects:

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